What is Future Tense in Hindi?

Simple Future Tense:

Affirmative: Sub. + will/shall + V1 + Obj.

Negative: Sub. + will/shall + not + V1 +Obj.

Interrogative: Will/Shall + Sub. + V1 + Obj.?

Int. Negative: Will/Shall + Sub.+ not + V1 + Obj.?

      ‘Simple Future’ has two different forms in English: ‘will/shall’ and ‘be going to’.

USE 1 :

      To express future events which we cannot control:

      (भविष्य में घटित होने वाले अवश्यभावी घटनाओं को व्यक्त करने के लिए)

Examples:

·     I’ll be 25 next Monday.

·     It will be Diwali in a week.

·     The train will arrive at 6 p.m.

USE 2 :

      To express future events which are not decided (with I think, I believe, I expect, I’m sure etc.)

      (भविष्य में होने वाली संभावित घटनाओं के लिए)

Examples:

·     I think India will win the series.

·     I think it will rain this afternoon.

·     I’m sure you will pass the test.

USE 3 :

      Use ‘will’ to express Voluntary Actions or Promises:

Examples:

·     I will send you the information when I get it.

·     I will not do your homework for you.

·     I won’t do all the housework myself.

·     I’m really hungry. I’ll make some sandwiches.

·     I will call you when I arrive.

·     I won’t tell anyone your secret.

USE 4 :

      “be going to” form is used to express Planned Events:

      (पूर्व निर्धारित कार्यों के लिए)

Examples:

·     He is going to spend his vacation in Switzerland.

·     We are going to meet at 6 PM.

·     Whom are you going to invite to the party?

(i)   To express intentions :

      (इरादे व्यक्त करने के लिए)

Examples:

·     I’m going to be an actor when I grow up.

·     I am going to be a rich person someday.

(ii) To make a future prediction based on facts:

      (तथ्यों पर आधारित भविष्यवाणी को व्यक्त करने के लिए)

Examples:

·     The test next week is going to be really hard.

·     The year 2011 is going to be a very interesting year.

·     John Smith is going to be the next President.

·     It’s going to rain; look at those clouds.

(iii) ‘Be about to + base form’ is used for the immediate future:

Examples:

·     Hurry up. The train is about to leave.

·     They are about to close the shop.

·     He is about to leave for office.

Note: ‘Future Tense’ is not used in Time Clauses:

      Like all future forms, the ‘Simple Future’ cannot be used in clauses beginning with time expressions such as: when, while, before, after, by the time, as soon as, if, unless, etc. Instead of ‘Simple Future’, ‘Simple Present’ is used.

      Main Clause : Simple Future Tense

      Time Clause : Simple Present Tense

Examples:

·     When you will arrive tonight, we will go out for dinner. (Incorrect)

·     When you arrive tonight, we will go out for dinner. (Correct)

·     She will cry when she hears the news.

·     He will reach there before the programme starts.

·     All the students will stand up when the teacher comes.

·     As soon as I get the parcel, I’ll sent it to you.

      Future Continuous Tense:

Affirmative: Sub. + will/shall + be + V1 + ing + Obj.

Negative: Sub. + will/shall + not + be + V1 + ing + Obj.

Interrogative: Will/Shall + Sub. + be + V1 + ing + Obj.?

Int. Negative: Will/Shall + Sub. + not + be + V1 + ing + Obj.?

USE 1 :

      To express actions going on at some time in the future:

      (भविष्य में किसी समय जारी रहने वाले कार्यों को व्यक्त करने के लिए)

Examples:

·     Tonight at 7 PM, I will be eating dinner.

·     This time tomorrow, I will be watching TV.

·     He will be taking his examination next month.

·     I shall be meeting your Principal tomorrow.

·     I shall be writing an essay at this time tomorrow.

USE 2 :

      To express interrupted actions in the future:

      (भविष्य में एक साथ होने वाले दो कार्यों में से पहले से चल रहे कार्य को दर्शाने के लिए Future Continuous जबकि दूसरे कार्य के लिए Simple Present Tense use किया जाता है)

      We use the ‘Future Continuous’ to indicate that a longer action in the future will be interrupted by a shorter action in the future. Remember this can be a real interruption or just an interruption in time.

Examples:

·     I will be watching TV when she arrives tonight.

·     I will be waiting for you when your bus arrives.

      Future Perfect Tense:

Affirmative: Sub. + will/shall + have + V3 + Obj.

Negative: Sub. + will/shall + have + not + V3 + Obj.

Interrogative:  Will/Shall + Sub.+ have + V3 + Obj.?

Int. Negative:  Will/Shall + Sub. + not + have + V3 + Obj.?

Use 1 :

      To express completed actions by a certain future time:

      (भविष्य में किसी निश्चित समय तक पूरा होने की संभावना दर्शाने वाले कार्यों को व्यक्त करने के लिए)

      This tense is usually associated with ‘by’.

      By + Future time (by tomorrow, by next month, by next Monday etc.)

Examples:

·     By next November, I will have got promotion.

·     I will have received the letter by next Monday.

·     The guests will have arrived by 4 p.m. today.

·     Amit will have got a job by then.

·     By the time I finish this course, I will have taken ten tests.

·     I shall have returned your money by next Sunday.

·     He will have revised his syllabus till March.

USE 2 :

      किसी भी ऐसे कार्य (action) का वर्णन करने के लिए जिसमें when या before के आगे Simple Present दे रखा हो।

Examples:

·     I shall have taken a bath before the school bus arrives.

·     You will have got ready when we visit your home.

      Future Perfect Continuous Tense :

Affirmative: Sub. + will/shall + have + been + V1 + ing + Obj. + since/ for + time.

Negative:       Sub. + will/shall + have + not + been + V1 + ing + Obj. + since/for + time.

Interrogative: Will/Shall + Sub. + have + been + V1 + ing + Obj. + since/for + time?

Int. Negative: Will/Shall + Sub. + not + have + been + V1 + ing + Obj. + since/for + time?

Use 1 :

      To express future actions in progress over a period of time:

      (भविष्य में किसी समय की अवधि के समय जो कार्य चल रहा होगा, उसे व्यक्त करने के लिए)

Examples:

·     In 2015 I will have been working here for five years.

·     I’ll have been teaching for ten years next October.

·     At 7 pm the boys will have been studying for four hours.

·     He will have been playing football for two hours.

Note – This tense is not very common in regular use.

IMPORTANT FACTS ABOUT TENSES:

      Seldom, Rarely, Scarcely, Hardly, Usually, Sometimes, Often, Every Day/Week/Month /Year / Sunday, Never व Always का use, ‘Simple Present’ व ‘Present Perfect Tense’ दोनो में संभव है।

      Presently, At Present, At the moment, Now, Still, These days etc. are used in ‘Present Continuous Tense’.

      So far, Until Now, Ever etc. are used in ‘Present Perfect Tense’

      ‘Yet’ is used in ‘Present Perfect Negative Tense’

      Since/For का use, ‘Present Perfect Continuous Tense’ के अतिरिक्त ‘Present Perfect Tense’ में भी संभव है। Since/For का use Present Perfect Tense में उन कार्यों को दर्शाने के लिए होता है जो भूतकाल में कभी घटित हुए थे किंतु वर्तमान में नहीं चल रहे।

      Ago, Yesterday, The other day, The previous day, Last Night/Week/Month/Year/Sunday etc. are used in ‘Simple Past’.

      यदि past में कोई कार्य चल रहा था व उसी दौरान कोई दूसरी घटना बीच में घटित हुई, तो जो कार्य चल रहा था ‘Past Continuous Tense’ में होगा व जो घटना बीच में घटित हुई वह ‘Simple Past Tense’ में होगी।

      यदि Past में दो घटनाएं घटित हुई हों व दोनो एक के बाद एक हुई हों अर्थात् दोनों घटनाओं में समय का अंतराल रहा हो, तो पहली घटना ‘Past Perfect’ व दूसरी घटना ‘Simple Past’ में होगी।

AarambhTV Team
Aarambh TV पर पढ़ें देश और दुनिया की ताजा ख़बरें, गेम्स न्यूज टेक बाइक कार न्यूज वेब सीरीज व्यापार, बॉलीवुड और एजुकेशन न्यूज पब्लिश करता है।

कोई जवाब दें

कृपया अपनी टिप्पणी दर्ज करें!
कृपया अपना नाम यहाँ दर्ज करें